Facts About Wales

Facts about England - Tiffany Macbeth

Tiffany loves to travel and learn about the countries of the World.

When she visited Wales she discovered lots of interesting facts about Wales.

Did you know –

Wales is a country that forms part of the United Kingdom and Great Britain. It has a border with England. The map below shows the main islands and cities of Wales.


Map of Wales

What is the flag of Wales?

The flag of Wales is a red dragon on a green and white background. The patron saint of Wales is Saint David.

Wales Flag

What is the capital city of Wales?

The capital city of Wales is Cardiff, it is a large city with a population of around 3 million people.

Cardiff - capital of Wales

Cardiff is built on the mouth of the River Taff where it flows into the Bristol Channel.

The picture shows Cardiff Harbour. In the centre you can see the Pierhead building which was built in 1897. To the left and right are shopping centres.

Other famous landmarks in Cardiff include:

Cardiff Castle and Clock tower, Castell Coch, The Millennium Centre, The Millennium Stadium and The Senedd.

What is the longest river in Wales?

Rover Towy - longest river in Wales

The River Towy, is the longest river in Wales, it flows through Carmarthen.

The River Towy is 121km (75 miles) long.

Lake Bala is the largest lake in Wales and is known locally as Llyn Tegid. It is is 5.95 km (3.7 miles) long and 1 km (0.6 miles) wide.

What is the highest mountain in Wales?

Snowdon - highest mountain in Wales

This is a picture of Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales. It is 1085 metres high (3,560ft). It is in the Snowdonia National Park which is in the North West of Wales.


What is Wales famous for?

Facts about Wales Caernarfon Castle

Wales is famous for the large number of castles that were built by Edward I of England after he conquered Wales in 1283.

This picture shows Caernarfon Castle which was built on the north-east coast of Wales by Edward I in 1283. Edward’s son, Prince Edward was born at the castle in 1284 and Edward declared him Prince of Wales. It has been tradition ever since that the eldest son of the reigning monarch becomes the Prince of Wales.

Longest place name - Wales

Wales is also famous for having the longest place name in Europe and one of the longest in the World.

Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch is a town on the Isle of Anglesey.

What other Things Associated with Wales?


Rugby – a contact-sport ball game where players can throw backwards or run with the ball is very popular in Wales.


The Daffodil is the national emblem of Wales and is worn on St David’s day

Welsh national dress

The picture above shows women wearing the traditional Welsh costume

Can you name some famous Welsh People?

These are Tiffany’s top 20 famous Welsh people:

 Aled Jones, Catherine Zeta Jones, Charlotte Church, Colin Jackson, David Lloyd George, Dylan Thomas, Gareth Thomas, George Everest, Griff Rhys Jones, Harry Secombe, Henry Morton Stanley, Laura Ashley, Lawrence of Arabia, Mary Quant, Richard Burton, Roald Dahl, Shirley Bassey, Simon Weston, Tom Jones, Tommy Cooper

Tom Jones
Welsh singer, Tom Jones


As you can see Tiffany has discovered a lot of facts about Wales. She summed up her visit with the following keywords:

Angelsey, Cardiff, Castles, Coal, Costume, Cymraeg, Daffodils, Dragons, Eisteddfod, Leeks, Male voice choirs, Millennium Stadium, Mining, Mountains, Offa’s Dyke, Rugby, Sheep, Snowdon, Swansea, The Valleys