Facts About Spain

Facts about England - Tiffany Macbeth

Tiffany loves to travel and learn about the countries of the World.

She visited Spain and while she was there she discovered a lot of interesting facts about Spain. 

Did you know?

Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe. It has borders with France, Portugal and Andorra. The Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands are also a part of Spain.

The map below shows the main cities of Spain and the Balearic Islands.


Map of Spain

The Spanish flag is made up of three horizontal bands of red and yellow. The Spanish Coat of Arms lies on the central yellow band.

Flag of Spain


What is the Capital City of Spain?

Cibeles Palace Madrid

The Capital City of Spain is Madrid which has a population of 3.2 million people. It is located in the centre of Spain and stands on the River Manzanares.

This is a picture of the Cibeles Palace which is a major landmark in Madrid. In front of the palace building is a statue and fountain.

Madrid is home to the football team Real Madrid, one of the biggest and most successful football clubs in Spain.

Other famous landmarks in Madrid include:

The Royal Palace, Madrid Cathedral, Templo de Debod (Egyptian temple), Gran Vía (major street) and many plazas

What is the longest river in Spain?

Facts about Spain - River Ebro

This is a picture of the River Ebro flowing through Zaragoza. The River Ebro is the longest river in Spain measuring 910 km (565 miles). The source, or beginning of the river, is in Fontibre near the Portuguese border. It then travels south-east across Spain before reaching the Mediterranean Sea.

The longest river that passes through Spain is the Tajo. It is 1007 km (626 miles) long but only 710 km (441 miles) is in Spain, the other 297 km (185 miles) are in Portugal.

The largest lake in Spain is Lago de Sanabria measuring 3.3 km (2.1 miles) long and 1.47 km (0.9 miles) wide. It is located in the Sanabria National Park.

What is the highest mountain in Spain?

Mulhacen Mountain in Spain

This is a picture of Mulhacén, located in the Sierra Nevada near Almeria. It is the highest mountain on mainland Spain, measuring a height of 3,478 metres (11,413 ft).

The highest mountain in Spain is the Teide which is in Tenerife, one the Canary Islands. It has a height of 3718 metres (12198 ft).


What is Spain famous for?

Alhambra Palace Grenada

The Alhambra Palace in Granada is a famous landmark in Spain. It was originally a fortress built in 892 but was enlarged and made into a palace by the Moorish King, Mohammed ben Al-Ahmar in 1333.

After the Moors were sent out of Spain it was no longer used. It was re-discovered 400 years later and restored to its former glory. It is now a major tourist attraction in Spain.

La Tomatina

Spain is also famous for La Tomatino, an annual tomato fight that happens on the last Wednesday of August. Those taking part have to squash the tomatoes before they are thrown to avoid injuring anyone. Around 150,000 tomatoes are thrown during the event.


What other things are associated with Spain?

Spanish Wine

Wine – An alcoholic drink generally made from grapes, yeast and sugar.

Flamenco Dancer

Flamenco Dancing – A traditional folk dance from Southern Spain.


Paella – A traditional Spanish dish consisting of saffron-coloured rice cooked with fish and vegetables.


Can you name some famous people from Spain?

Here are Tiffany’s top twenty famous people from Spain:

Antonio Banderas, Antonio Gaudi, David Ferrer, Enrique Inglesias, Fernando Alonso, Fernando Torres, Francisco Goya, Hernando Cortes, Ignatius of Loyola, Juan Carlos, Juan Ponce de Leon, Miguel Cervantes, Montserrat Caballe, Pablo Picasso, Penelope Cruz, Placido Domingo, Rafael Nadal, Salvador Dali, Sergio Garcia, Seve Ballesteros

Rafael Nadal


As you can see Tiffany has discovered a lot of facts about Spain. She summed up her visit with the following keywords:

Alhambra, Bull Fighting, Castanets, Fans, Flamenco Dancing, Football, Grapes, Guitar, Inquisition, Lace, Madrid, Olive Trees, Oranges, Paella, Santiago di Compostela, Sherry, Sierra Nevada, Tapas, Tomatina, Wine