Facts About Scotland

Facts about England - Tiffany Macbeth

Tiffany loves to travel and learn about the countries of the World.

When she visited Scotland she discovered lots of interesting facts about Scotland.

Did you know –

Scotland is a country that forms part of the United Kingdom and Great Britain. It has a border with England and is made up of a mainland and many islands. The map below shows the main islands and cities of Scotland.


Scotland Map

What is the flag of Scotland?

The flag of Scotland is blue with a white cross. It is known as the flag of St Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland.

Flag of Scotland

What is the capital city of Scotland?

The capital city of Scotland is Edinburgh, it is a large city with a population of around 5 million people.

Facts about Scotland - Edinburgh

This is a picture of Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland.

The picture is taken from the Dugald Stewart Monument on Carlton Hill.

The Balmoral Hotel Clock Tower can be seen high above other buildings and you can see Edinburgh castle on the opposite hill in the distance.

River Severn

What is the largest lake in Scotland?

Scotland has a lot of lakes called lochs. Loch is a Gaelic word meaning lake and is used for all lakes in Scotland.

Loch Ness is one of Scotland’s largest lake. It is 37km (23 miles) long and 230 metres (755 feet) deep in places. It is famous Worldwide because it is rumoured that a serpent-like monster lives in the lake. Many people have reported seeing the monster but there is no proof.

What is the highest mountain in Scotland?

Ben Nevis Highest mountain in Scotland

This is a picture of Scotland’s highest mountain, Ben Nevis. It is 1,344 metres high (4,409ft).

Ben Nevis is also the highest mountain in the United Kingdom

What is Scotland famous for?

Kilts are worn in Scotland

This man is wearing a kilt. A kilt is a skirt that is made out of pleated tartan cloth. It is the traditional dress for men but is also worn by women.

Family groups in Scotland are called clans. Each clan traditionally has a chief who is the head of the group and each clan has its own unique tartan pattern.

The man is also wearing a sporran, a bag worn round the waist decorated with horse hair.


Other Things Associated with Scotland


Bagpipes – a musical instrument where sound is made by blowing into a bag through a mouthpiece and air escaping through a reed pipe when the bag is squeezed


Haggis – a traditional dish made from sheep’s heart, liver and lungs mixed with chopped onions. It is served with potatoes and turnips.


Whisky – an alcoholic drink made from malt and grain.

Can you name some famous Scottish People?

These are Tiffany’s top 20 famous Scottish people:

Adam Smith, Alex Ferguson, Alexander Fleming, Alexander Graham Bell, Andy Murray, Billy Connolly, Bonnie Prince Charlie, Chris Hoy, David Livingstone, Ewan MacGregor, Flora MacDonald, Gordon Brown, JK Rowling, James Watt, John Logi Baird, Mary Queen of Scots, Robert Burns, Robert Louis Stephenson, Sean Connery, Sir Walter Scott, Tony Blair,  William Wallace

Charles Edward Stuart
Bonnie Prince Charlie


As you can see Tiffany has discovered a lot of facts about Scotland. She summed up her visit with the following keywords:

Aberdeen, Ben Nevis, bagpipes, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow, haggis, heather, Hebrides, Highlands, Inverness, kilt, Loch Ness, Lowlands, monster, Orkneys, porridge, scones, Shetlands, shortbread, St Andrew, tartan, thistle, whisky