Facts About England

Facts about England - Tiffany Macbeth

Tiffany loves to travel and learn about the countries of the World.

When she visited England she discovered lots of interesting facts about England.

Did you know –

England is a country that forms part of the United Kingdom and Great Britain. It has a border with Scotland and Wales. The map below shows the main cities of England.

Map of England with main cities

What is the flag of England?

The flag of England is white with a red cross. It is known as the flag of St George, the patron saint of England.

England flag

What is the capital city of England?

The capital city of England is London, it is a large city with a population of around 9 million people.

City of London image

This is a picture of London, the capital city of England.

London is built on the River Thames, England’s second longest river. The bridge you can see in the picture is Tower Bridge, a famous landmark. The road part of the bridge opens up to allow tall ships to pass through.

London Landmark - Big Ben

Big Ben, red double-decker London buses and red telephone boxes are all key features of London

Other famous landmarks in London include:

Buckingham Palace (the home of the Queen), Big Ben, Trafalgar Square, Houses of Parliament, St Paul’s Cathedral, The Tower of London, The London Eye, 10 Downing Street (the Prime Minister’s home), Hyde Park and Piccadilly Circus.

River Severn

What is the longest river in England?

The longest river in England is – the River Severn at 354 km (220 miles) is just a bit longer than the River Thames which is 346 km (215 miles)

The picture shows the road bridge that crosses the River Severn, England’s longest river.

What is the highest mountain in England?

Scafell Pike England's highest mountain

This is a picture of England’s highest mountain, Scafell Pike. It is 978 metres high (3,209ft). It is in the Lake District which is in Cumbria in the North of England.

England’s largest lake can also be found in the Lake District. Lake Windemere is 18km (13.2 miles) long and 1.5km (0.9 miles) wide.

What is England famous for?

Facts about England - Castles

England is famous for having a large number of old castles and historic houses. This is a picture of Bodiam Castle which was built in 1385.

Buckingham Palace

England is also famous for the Royal family. This is a picture of Buckingham Palace, the Queen’s main residence in London. The flag flying on the roof means that the Queen was at home on the day this photograph was taken.

Other Things Associated with England

Fish and chips

Fish and Chips – pieces of fish coated in batter and deep fried served with deep fried potato chips.

Morris Dancing

Morris Dancing – A folk dance performed to music usually by men wearing costumes with bells at their shins or ankles. The dance often includes sticks or handkerchiefs.

Can you name some famous English People?

These are Tiffany’s top 20 famous English people:

Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, David Beckham, Diana Princess of Wales, Florence Nightingale, Horatio Nelson, Isaac Newton, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Jack the Ripper, John Lennon, Kate Middleton, King Henry VIII, Margaret Thatcher, Paul McCartney, Prince Charles, Prince William, Queen Elizabeth II, Queen Victoria, William Shakespeare, Winston Churchill

Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II


As you can see Tiffany has discovered a lot of facts about England. She summed up her visit with the following keywords:

Big Ben, British Empire, Buckingham Palace, Cambridge University, Castles, Fish and Chips, King Arthur, Liverpool FC, London, Manchester United, Morris Dancing, Oxford University, Premier League Football, Pubs, Queen, Robin Hood, Sherlock Holmes, Stonehenge, Tea, the Beatles, Wimbledon