Argentina Facts, Geography, Travel, Food


Tiffany Argentina Facts

Welcome to my Argentina Facts page. 

My name is Tiffany Macbeth and I love to travel and learn about the countries and people of the World.

I visited Argentina in South America and am wearing a dress made out of the Argentine flag.  The sun in the middle shows the face of  Inti, the Inca god of the sun.  

As I travelled around the country, I learned a lot of Argentina facts. I have grouped them into Geography Facts, Travel Facts and Argentina Facts of Interest. 


Argentina Facts – Geography

Argentina map - Geography Facts about Argentina
Image reproduced from CIA World Factbook

Argentina is the second largest country in South America after Brazil and the eighth largest country in the World.


Argentina shares a border with Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile. The border with Chile is dominated by the Andes mountain range while the eastern coastline is on the South Atlantic Ocean. 

Longest River

The longest river is the Rio de la Plata, also known as the River Paraná. It measures 4880km and passes through Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay.

Highest Mountain

The highest mountain in Argentina is Aconcagua. It is the highest mountain outside Asia and measures 6962m. 


The population of Argentina is 45,864,941 (2021) the 32nd most populous country in the World. Around a third of the population live in the capital city, Buenos Aires.

The five most populated cities are:
Buenos Aires (Capital City) – 15.37 million
Cordoba – 1.60 million
Rosario 1.57 million
Mendoza – 1.21 million
San Miguel de Tucuman – 1 million

source: CIA World Factbook


Argentina Facts – Travel


The official language of Argentina is Spanish. When travelling around Argentina I found the following phrases very useful:

Argentina Facts Tiffany Speaks SpanishBuenos días. – Good morning.
Por favor. – Please.
Gracias. – Thank you.
¿Cuánto cuesta? – How much is this?
¿Habla inglés? – Do you speak English?
No entiendo lo que dijo. – I don’t understand what you said.
Por favor, hable más despacio. – Please speak slower.
¿Dónde está el baño? – Where is the bathroom?
¿Dónde está la parada de autobús? – Where is the bus stop?
¿Dónde está la estación de tren? – Where is the train station?



The currency of Argentina is the Argentine Peso. The sign for Pesos is $.

$1 = 100 centavo

Pesos are available in 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 or 1,000 pesos notes and 1, 2, 5 and 10 pesos coins.

Argentina Facts - Argentine Pesos



There are many amazing places to visit in Argentina. Here are my top 5 must-see landmarks in Argentina. 

1. Iguazu Falls

Argentina Facts - Iguazu Falls

The Iguazu Falls are a collection of 275 waterfalls on the Iguazu River which marks the border of Argentina and Brazil. 

2. Cerro de los Siele Colores (Hill of Seven Colours)

Hills of Seven Colours Argentina

This multi-coloured hill is located in Jujay province in north-west Argentina. The hill is made up of layers which have been formed over time. The different minerals found in each layer colour the layers brown, green, pink, purple, red, white and yellow.

3. Los Glaciares National Park

Los Glaciares Facts About Argentina

Los Glaciares National Park is located in the Argentine region of Patagonia. It is named after the glaciers that can be found in the park.

4. Valle de la Luna

Valle de la Luna Argentina

Valle de la Luna is the popular name for Ischigualasto Provincial Park. The name translates to the Valley of the Moon and is named after its lunar appearance. The picture above depicts rocks eroded by the wind. 

5. Recoleta Cemetery

Argentina Facts - Recoleta Cemetery

The Recoleta cemetery is a large burial place located in the Recoleta district of Buenos Aires. Covering 14 acres, 6,400 elaborate mausoleums and tombs line a grid of walkways. The tomb of Eva Peron can be found here.


Argentina Facts – Of Interest


Argentine Food

Here are my top 5 favourite Argentine foods.

Argentine Food Empanada
A tray of freshly baked empanada

Beef – Argentina is noted for its beef production. Beef is typically grilled on an asado (barbecue) and seasoned with chimichurri – a blend of oil, garlic, herbs and vinegar.

Empanada – An empanada is an outer shell of pastry with a filling of meat, cheese or vegetables. They are cooked by frying or baking in the oven. 

Matambre Arrollado – This dish consists of a thin slice of beef rolled around a filling of hard-boiled eggs, vegetables and herbs and then baked or grilled. 

Choripán – This is a typical Argentine street food made of grilled pork or beef chorizo seasoned with chimchurri – a blend of oil, garlic, herbs and vinegar, and sandwiched between two pieces of bread.

Yerba Mate – A typical Argentine drink made from the leaves of the Yerba mate plant. It is typically served in a gourd or cup and sipped through a straw.


Top 15 Things Associated with Argentina

Asado, Beef, Buenos Aires, The Falklands, Football, Gauchos, Glaciers, Horses, Iguazu Falls, Mate, Pampas, Patagonia, Tango, Wine, Ushuaia


Top 15 Famous Argentine People

Ángel Cabrera, Chris de Burgh, Diego Torres, Eva Péron, Gabriela Sabatini, Guillermo Vilas, Isabel Martínez de Perón, Juan Manuel Fangio, Juan Péron, Lionel Messi, Manuel Belgrano, Miguel Pérez, Olivia Hussey, Sergio Agüero, Sergio Martínez



Published Apr 27, 2022 @ 1:30 pm

Reference for this page:

Tiffany Macbeth. (2022). Argentina Facts. Available: Last accessed [date]