Tiffany Macbeth in Iceland

Tiffany with rucksack


Iceland is the second largest island in Europe after Great Britain. It has a population of just 317,000 people. Iceland is known as the land of 'Ice and Fire' because it is covered in ice for much of the year yet also has volcanoes and hot springs.

The map below shows the main towns of Iceland. The flag of Iceland is made up of a blue background with a red and white cross.


Map of IcelandFlag of Iceland  











Reykjavik courtesy Wikipedia

This is a picture of Reykjavik, the capital city of Iceland. It is the most northerly capital city of the World and is just 2° south of the Arctic Circle.

Around a third of Iceland's population live in this city which has grown over the last century.

Reykjavik, like all of Iceland's main towns is on the coast and has a harbour. Fishing has traditionally been Iceland's main source of income but in the last few years tourism has begun to replace fishing as the main source of income.


Pjorsa river as it empties into the sea courtesy Salvor found on Wikipedia

This is a picture of the river Pjorsa, the longest river in Iceland at the point where it empties into the sea in the south of the island midway between Vik and Hafnarfjordhur. It is 230km long.


Highest mountain in Iceland courtesy Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason

This is a picture of the highest mountain in Iceland, Hvannadalshnjukur. It is 2,110 metres high and the peak of the mountain is on one side of the crater of the Oraefajakull volcano. The Oraefajakull is an ice covered volcano and is the most active volcano in Iceland. 


Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption

In 2010 the Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted sending clouds of volcanic ash into the atmosphere. The ash cloud was so bad that planes were not able to fly in parts of northern Europe for 5 days. 95,000 flights were cancelled leaving people stranded all over the world.


Þingvallavatn lake

The Pingvallavatn lake is the largest natural lake in Iceland and sits in the rift valley in the Pingvellir national park. The park is situated at the point where the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates meet.


Gulfoss Waterfall

The Gulfoss waterfall is a spectacular two tier waterfall and popular tourist attraction in Iceland. When the temperature is very cold parts of the waterfall freeze.


Great Geysir courtesy Papa November found on Wikipedia

This is a picture of the Great Geysir, a hot sprint that erupts every 5 or 6 minutes shooting a tower of boiling hot water and steam into the air.


Other things associated with Iceland are:

Northern Lights

The Northern Lights - also known as Aurora Borealis a dazzling colourful display of light in the night sky.

snow and ice

Snow and Ice - Iceland is so named because it is covered in ice and snow for much of the year

Whales in Iceland

Whales - there are whales in the sea around Iceland  

Key words associated with Iceland are:

aurora borealis, fish, geysir, glaciers, harbours, hot springs, ice, lava fields, snow, volcanoes, waterfalls, whales

Famous Icelandic People

         Albert Guomundsson, Baltasar Kormákur, Bjork Guomundsdottir, Bobby Fischer, Eggert Jonsson, Erik the Red, Jon Pall Sigmarsson, Leif Erikson, Magnus Magnusson, Of Monsters and Men, Sigur Ros


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Tiffany Macbeth in Iceland. Available: Last accessed

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Page last updated 29/03/2016

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